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What was Imam Al-Hakim’s position regarding Imam Abu Hanifa?

Posted by muhammedm on December 26, 2009

أبدأُ بالحمدِ مُصَلِّياً على مُحمَّدٍ خَيِر نبيْ أُرســـــِلا

Contention – “Al-Haakim quotes in ‘Ma`rifah al-Ulum al-Hadith’ [pg. 256] amongst a group of narrators of the Atbaa` at-Taabi`een and those who came after them – whose ahadith are not accepted in the Sahih concluding by saying, “so all those we have mentioned are people well known for having narrated – but are not counted as being amongst the reliable precise memorizers.”

Imam al-Hakim mentions Imam Abu Hanifa in his work, ‘Ma’rifatu ‘Ulum al-Hadith’, he also mentions Imam Abu Hanifa in ‘al-Mustadrak ‘ala as-Sahihayn’.

In al-Mustadrak, Imam al-Hakim says while presenting the different chains for the hadith, ‘There’s no Nikah without a Wali’, “A group from the Imams of the Muslims, other than those whom we have mentioned have narrated this hadith, from them Abu Hanifa An-Nu’man bin Thabit, Raqabah bin Masqalah al-‘Abdi, Mutarraf bin Tarif al-Harithi, ‘Abdul Hamid bin al-Hasan al-Halali, Zakariya bin Abi Zaidah and others, and we have mentioned them in the chapter” Chapter on Nikah, 2:171.

Imam Abu Hanifa is from the Thiqat

-Regarding his statements in Ulum al-Hadith, he says, ‘from the sciences is the knowledge of the famous Thiqat Imams from the Tabi’in and the atba’ Tabi’in, whose hadith are collected for memorization, remembrance and blessing…then mentions the imams from difference cities, and when he gets to Kufa he says, ‘Mis’ar bin Kidam al-Hilali, Abu Hanifa an-Nu’man bin Thabit at-Taymi, Sufyan bin Sa’id ath-Thawri…

Imam Abu Hanifa not from the Reliable Huffadh (A contradiction?)

-In another section he says, ‘from the sciences are the knowledge of a group from the narrators of the tab’ in and those after them, whose hadith aren’t used as proof in the Sahih, nor are they discarded. Then he gives names from the Sahabas and Tabi’in and those after them. He includes Imam Abu Hanifa from the atba tab’ in, and not from the Tabi’in, as is established. He goes on to mention Imam Abu Hanifa in the atba tab’ in. He also includes Qadi Abi Yusuf (who is thiqa) and Imam Zufar, whom he mentions in the above quote with Imam Abu Hanifa as well. Then he ends the section by saying, “Whoever we mentioned in this category after the Sahabah and tab’ in (then those after them), they are well known for narrating, and they’re not considered from amongst the group of reliable, precise (mutqin) Huffadh. (Allah ta’ala knows best).

As for the contentious quote that is presented above, instead of ‘not accepted’ it’s ‘not used’ since he also gives names of Sahabas and Tabi’in, and atba’ Tabi’in.

There are a number of things that need to be addressed in the second quote, first off he said he’s going to mention those whom Shaykhayn, Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim, have not used. But some of those whom he mentioned are used by Imam Bukhari and Muslim. Second, he (Imam al-Hakim) placed Imam Abu Hanifa in this category of those who are not considered from the Huffadh, which contradicts his initial quote. There could be several explanations for this inclusion of Imam Abu Hanifa, first off it could be that instead of ‘not considered from amongst’, it could be that they are considered from amongst as one of the nuskha states. If that’s not possible, it could be said that this is the opinion of Shaykhayn and not Imam al-Hakim, since the discussion in this part concerns those whom Shaykhayn have not used, since he himself has placed Imam Abu Hanifa amongst the Thiqat as the first quote indicates. And he also says they’re not discarded either, as opposed to the quote, ‘not accepted’, there’s a big difference between, while ‘not discarded’ means they are accepted, though it might be with reluctance, while ‘not accepted’ means they are rejected or discarded.

I think it’s safe to say that Imam al-Hakim considered him from the Thiqat, and that the position of Shaykhayn is that he’s not from the reliable Huffadh, which will be dealt later, Inshallah.

Wa ‘alaykumus Salam
More to follow regarding other Ulema.

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