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Lesson 2: Three types of words (Lafdh)

Posted by muhammedm on July 3, 2009

أبدأُ بالحمدِ مُصَلِّياً على مُحمَّدٍ خَيِر نبيْ أُرســـــِلا

Its أقسامه (types) are three: اسم (noun), فعل (verb) and حرف (particle) that is placed to give meaning (to something else).

Every single word that is used in the Arabic language is a noun, verb or a particle.

اسم is a word that indicates towards a meaning in itself, and isn’t joined with one of the three times (past, present, and future). Examples included Muhammed, رجل (a man), ‘عصا (a stick), etc.

فعل is a verb and it indicates towards a meaning in itself, and is joined with one of the three times (past, present, and future). Examples include, كتب (he wrote), the word indicates towards writing and is joined with the past tense. يكتب (he’s writing), the word indicates towards writing and is joined with the present tense, and اكتب (a command to write), the word indicates towards writing and is joined with the future tense/command.

There are three kinds of verbs: past, present/future and command:
1. ماضي (past tense) indicates towards an act done in the past, such as كتب (he wrote).
2. مضارع (present/future tense) indicates towards an act that is being done in the present time or will occur in the future, such as يفهم (he’s understanding or he will understand).
3. امر (command) is what indicates towards an act that is sought/ordered to be done in the future, example: افهم (understand)

حرف is a word that indicates towards a meaning in other than it (has no specific meaning in itself, requires something else to make it meaningful). Examples: من (from), this word indicates towards a meaning of beginning, and the understanding isn’t completed until it’s linked with another word, such as خرجت من البيت ‘I left the house’. The من indicates that you left the house, which was the start point of your travel.

For a list of nouns, verbs, and particles you can refer to the book.

Wal Hamdulillah

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