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Imam Abu Hanifa a Tabi’i

Posted by muhammedm on January 6, 2009


Majority of the Muhadithin agree that a person becomes a Tabi’i by meeting/encountering a Sahabi and seeing him, and it’s not a condition that he keep his company and narrate from him (a Sahabi). The definition of a Tabi’i agreed upon by Imam Nawawi, Allama Iraqi and others is a person who meets a Sahabi and doesn’t necessarily keep his company.

Some of the scholars who agreed that Imam Abu Hanifa was a Tabi’i:
Hafiz ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, Ibn Hajar Haythami, Mulla Ali Qari, Imam Suyuti, Imam Dhahabi (who mentions him in Tadhkiratul Huffadh), Allama Iraqi, Ibn Sa’d, Ad-Daraqutni, Hafidh al-Mizzi, Al-Khatib al-Baghdadi, Imam Nawawi, Hafidh ibnul Jawzi, Hafidh Abu Umar bin AbdulAllah, Imam Al-Jazri, Allama Tawrishti, Imam Al-Yafai’I, Allama Ahmed Al-Qastalani, Al-Aziniqi, Allama ‘Ayni, Hafidh Sim’ani, Al-Hafidh Abdul Ghani Al-Maqdisi, and many others.

Imam Abu Hanifa narrating from a Sahabi
The hadith narrated by Imam Abu Hanifa with his chain to the Prophet, that he said said: whoever seeks understanding in the religion of Allah, Allah will take care of his worries, and will provide him from where he does not anticipate.” As mentioned in Al-Jawhar al-Madiya (with its chain).
Al-Khuwarizmi said, “Amongst his merits which no one after him shares is that he narrated from the companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Indeed the scholars agree on that, even though they disagree upon the numbers (of narrations from the companions).” The author says the meaning of al-Khuwarizmi by scholars is the Hanafi scholars in particular, for many of them (hanafi scholars) have agreed upon that.
Allama ‘Ayni has established him as narrating him from the companions, and so has Ali al-Qari who said, “the relied upon position (of him narrating from a Sahabi) is that it is established”.

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